Men's Health
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Preventive Care

Screening for Men's Health Problems

Although you might not want to take the time to see your doctor if you're feeling fine, regular checkups and screenings can help you find out about any potential health problems you may have. Early detection is crucial in treating the following conditions affecting men.

Enlarged prostate

The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine from your bladder out of the body. As men age, their prostate keeps growing. This enlargement of the prostate can press on the urethra and cause difficulty in urination. African American men are especially prone to this condition.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases says you should look for these symptoms of prostate enlargement:

  • Frequent urination

  • Difficulty in starting flow of urine

  • Decreased force and thickness of urine stream

  • Sleeplessness because of the need to urinate at night

  • Dribbling after the end of urination

Report these symptoms to your health care provider, who will conduct appropriate testing.

Prostate cancer

Except for skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer among American men. According to the National Cancer Institute, the following are considered at-risk groups: all men older than 50, but especially African Americans; men with a family history of prostate cancer; and men who eat a high-fat diet.

All men should talk with their health care provider about their potential risk and discuss an appropriate screening strategy. Periodic screenings using a digital rectal exam or a prostate specific antigen test may detect prostate cancer in its early stages.

If prostate cancer is confirmed, you may not need to have the prostate removed. Doctors will determine if the disease is limited to the prostate and recommend further treatment as needed.

Colorectal problems

Cancer of the colon or rectum is the third most common form of cancer among American men. Several tests are used to screen for colorectal cancer. They include a digital rectal exam; fecal occult blood test to look for blood in the stool; sigmoidoscopy, which is an examination of the lower colon with a thin, flexible scope; barium enema with air contrast; and colonoscopy, an examination of the entire colon.

The American Cancer Society recommends that men 50 and older have a fecal occult blood test every year and a sigmoidoscopy every five years.

Testicular cancer

Routine screening by your health care provider and testicular self-exams have not been effective in reducing the death rate from testicular cancer, according to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Routine screening and testicular self-exams are not recommended for most healthy men.

Publication Source: Healthy Update newsletter
Author: Flegel, David
Online Source: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseaseshttp://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/prostate_ez/ <a href="" target="_blank"></a>
Online Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Qualityhttp://www.ahrq.gov/CLINIC/uspstf/uspstest.htm <a href="" target="_blank"></a>
Online Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Qualityhttp://www.ahrq.gov/ppip/healthymen.htm <a href="" target="_blank"></a>
Online Source: National Cancer Institutehttp://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/screening/testicular/Patient/page3 <a href="" target="_blank"></a>
Online Source: National Cancer Institutehttp://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/prostate <a href="" target="_blank"></a>
Online Source: American Cancer Societyhttp://www.cancer.org/docroot/COM/content/div_TX/COM_1_1x_2009_Colon_Campaign.asp?sitearea=COM <a href="" target="_blank"></a>
Online Source: American Cancer Societyhttp://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_1X_What_are_the_key_statistics_for_prostate_cancer_36.asp?sitearea= <a href="" target="_blank"></a>
Online Source: American Cancer Societyhttp://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_2X_What_are_the_risk_factors_for_prostate_cancer_36.asp?rnav=cri <a href="" target="_blank"></a>
Online Source: American Cancer Societyhttp://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_8_Should_I_Be_Tested_for_Colon_and_Rectum_Cancer.asp?sitearea= <a href="" target="_blank"></a>
Online Source: MedLine Plushttp://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/menshealth.html <a href="" target="_blank"></a>
Online Source: American Urological Association Foundationhttp://www.urologyhealth.org/adult/index.cfm?cat=09&topic=131 <a href="" target="_blank"></a>
Online Editor: Lee Jenkins
Online Editor: Rademaekers, Ed
Online Editor: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Medical Reviewer: Akin, Louise RN, BSN
Online Medical Reviewer: Cineas, Sybil MD
Online Medical Reviewer: Fincannon, Joy RN MN
Online Medical Reviewer: Godsey, Cynthia M.S., M.S.N., APRN
Online Medical Reviewer: Lambert, J.G. M.D.
Online Medical Reviewer: Sweetwood, Jane RN, MN, CCRN
Date Last Reviewed: 10/26/2009
Date Last Modified: 11/12/2009
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